The developing fruit gets all the necessary nutrients from the mother. The well-being of the fetus depends entirely on the health of the mother, the conditions of her work, rest, diet, nervous and endocrine systems.
Pregnant women are released from night duty, hard physical work, work associated with body vibration or adverse effects on the body of chemical substances. During pregnancy, sharp movements, lifting of weights and considerable fatigue should be avoided. A pregnant woman should sleep at least 8 hours a day. A walk is recommended before going to bed.
Pregnant woman should be carefully protected from infectious diseases, which are particularly dangerous for the body of the pregnant woman and fetus.
During pregnancy, it is necessary to pay special attention to the purity of the skin. Clean skin helps to eliminate metabolic products harmful to the body from sweating.
During pregnancy, it is recommended to wash under the shower and avoid overheating the body. Healthy pregnant women are advised to take air and sunbathing.
Pregnant women should wash the external reproductive organs twice a day with warm water and soap. Sprinkles during pregnancy should be administered with great care.
During pregnancy, you should carefully monitor the condition of the oral cavity and make the necessary sanitation.
Mammary glands should be washed daily with warm water and soap and wiped with a towel. These methods prevent nipple cracks and mastitis. If the nipples are flat or retracted, you should massage them.
Clothing of a pregnant woman should be comfortable and free: no tight belts, tight bras, etc. should be worn. In the second half of pregnancy it is recommended to wear a bandage that should support the abdomen, but not squeeze it. A pregnant woman should wear shoes with a low heel.
Meals during pregnancy
Good nutrition during pregnancy is essential for the health of the woman and the normal development of the fetus.
In the first half of pregnancy, a special diet is not necessary. The food should be varied and deliciously prepared. Nutrition in the second half of pregnancy should take into account the physiological characteristics of the body. The amount of proteins is 100-120 g per day. Of foods containing complete proteins, we should recommend kefir, yogurt, milk, curd, eggs, cheese, lean meat (100-120 g per day), fish (150-250 g per day). The amount of carbohydrates – about 500 g per day, with excess weight pregnant – 300 g. Recommended fruits, berries, vegetables, and bread (a source of fiber and vitamins B).
Fats are recommended 100-110 g per day, mainly in the form of butter, sour cream and vegetable oils.
The amount of liquid is limited to 1 – 1.2 liters. The amount of table salt is limited, especially in the second half of pregnancy (up to 8-5 g per day).
During pregnancy, the need for vitamins increases. A good source of vitamin A are animal liver and kidneys, milk, eggs, butter, carrots, fish oil, spinach. Vitamin B1 is rich in beer yeast, liver, kidneys, cereals and legumes. Daily dose of vitamin B1 is 10- 20 mg. Daily requirement for vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is 2 mg. Vitamin PP a lot in yeast, meat, liver, wheat grains, daily need for this vitamin – 15 mg. Vitamin C per day requires 1.0-1.5 g. In winter and spring it is recommended to prescribe ready-made vitamin C preparations (dragee, pills) or ascorbic acid to pregnant women. Vitamin C is contained in vegetables, berries, fruits. Vitamin E is contained in the germ of wheat and corn, eggs, liver, soybean oil. Vitamin D is rich in fish oil, liver, caviar, butter.
Four meals are recommended for pregnant women: the first breakfast should contain 25-30% of the food ration, the second breakfast – 10-15%, lunch – 40-45%, dinner – 15-20%.